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Jun. 2019

太平洋的火熱之環

太平洋的火熱之環

在地球深處,岩石板塊擠壓又拉扯,引發了劇烈的地震與噴發,威脅數百萬人口。

數千年來,火山與地震在太平洋這個岩石盆地裡造成了死亡與毀滅。大地構造循環在這個地帶釋放出無比龐大的能量,以地震與火山活動改變地球的樣貌。如今,隨著亞洲與部分美洲地區的人口蓬勃成長,比以往更多的人生活在貼近巨大天災的地方。光是印尼的一座島:爪哇(如圖),就有41座活火山威脅著約1億5100萬人口。隨著地球總人口數往80億大關逼近,來自環太平洋火山帶的威脅將更勝以往。

SCALE VARIES IN THIS PERSPECTIVE.THE DISTANCE BETWEEN JAKARTA AND SURABAYA IS 410 MILES.ART: ANTOINE COLLIGNON MANUEL CANALES AND MATTHEW W. CHWASTYK, NGM STAFF;SEAN MCNAUGHTON. VOLCANO ART : TOMÁŠ MÜLLER.MAP PROJECTION AND RENDERING: CHARLES PREPPERNAUSOURCES: ADAM SOULE, WOODS HOLE OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTION;ERIK KLEMETTI, DENISON UNIVERSITY; JANINE KRIPPNER, SMITHSONIANINSTITUTION’S GLOBAL VOLCANISM PROGRAM; W.P. SCHELLART, VRIJEUNIVERSITEIT AMSTERDAM; GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA;UN OFFICE FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION; USGS

SCALE VARIES IN THIS PERSPECTIVE.THE DISTANCE BETWEEN JAKARTA AND SURABAYA IS 410 MILES.ART: ANTOINE COLLIGNON MANUEL CANALES AND MATTHEW W. CHWASTYK, NGM STAFF;SEAN MCNAUGHTON. VOLCANO ART : TOMÁŠ MÜLLER.MAP PROJECTION AND RENDERING: CHARLES PREPPERNAUSOURCES: ADAM SOULE, WOODS HOLE OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTION;ERIK KLEMETTI, DENISON UNIVERSITY; JANINE KRIPPNER, SMITHSONIANINSTITUTION’S GLOBAL VOLCANISM PROGRAM; W.P. SCHELLART, VRIJEUNIVERSITEIT AMSTERDAM; GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA;UN OFFICE FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION; USGS

板塊碰撞之處

當大陸朝彼此漂移的時候,地殼上幾個海洋板塊往下滑到了亞洲板塊和美洲板塊底下,造就了長達4萬公里的環太平洋火山帶。這些板塊碰撞引發的地震與火山活動,可能會破壞約40個國家上億人口的生活。

SCALE VARIES IN THIS PERSPECTIVE.THE DISTANCE BETWEEN JAKARTA AND SURABAYA IS 410 MILES.ART: ANTOINE COLLIGNON MANUEL CANALES AND MATTHEW W. CHWASTYK, NGM STAFF;SEAN MCNAUGHTON. VOLCANO ART : TOMÁŠ MÜLLER.MAP PROJECTION AND RENDERING: CHARLES PREPPERNAUSOURCES: ADAM SOULE, WOODS HOLE OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTION;ERIK KLEMETTI, DENISON UNIVERSITY; JANINE KRIPPNER, SMITHSONIANINSTITUTION’S GLOBAL VOLCANISM PROGRAM; W.P. SCHELLART, VRIJEUNIVERSITEIT AMSTERDAM; GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA;UN OFFICE FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION; USGS

SCALE VARIES IN THIS PERSPECTIVE.THE DISTANCE BETWEEN JAKARTA AND SURABAYA IS 410 MILES.ART: ANTOINE COLLIGNON MANUEL CANALES AND MATTHEW W. CHWASTYK, NGM STAFF;SEAN MCNAUGHTON. VOLCANO ART : TOMÁŠ MÜLLER.MAP PROJECTION AND RENDERING: CHARLES PREPPERNAUSOURCES: ADAM SOULE, WOODS HOLE OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTION;ERIK KLEMETTI, DENISON UNIVERSITY; JANINE KRIPPNER, SMITHSONIANINSTITUTION’S GLOBAL VOLCANISM PROGRAM; W.P. SCHELLART, VRIJEUNIVERSITEIT AMSTERDAM; GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA;UN OFFICE FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION; USGS

SCALE VARIES IN THIS PERSPECTIVE.THE DISTANCE BETWEEN JAKARTA AND SURABAYA IS 410 MILES.ART: ANTOINE COLLIGNON MANUEL CANALES AND MATTHEW W. CHWASTYK, NGM STAFF;SEAN MCNAUGHTON. VOLCANO ART : TOMÁŠ MÜLLER.MAP PROJECTION AND RENDERING: CHARLES PREPPERNAUSOURCES: ADAM SOULE, WOODS HOLE OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTION;ERIK KLEMETTI, DENISON UNIVERSITY; JANINE KRIPPNER, SMITHSONIANINSTITUTION’S GLOBAL VOLCANISM PROGRAM; W.P. SCHELLART, VRIJEUNIVERSITEIT AMSTERDAM; GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA;UN OFFICE FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION; USGS

SCALE VARIES IN THIS PERSPECTIVE.THE DISTANCE BETWEEN JAKARTA AND SURABAYA IS 410 MILES.ART: ANTOINE COLLIGNON MANUEL CANALES AND MATTHEW W. CHWASTYK, NGM STAFF;SEAN MCNAUGHTON. VOLCANO ART : TOMÁŠ MÜLLER.MAP PROJECTION AND RENDERING: CHARLES PREPPERNAUSOURCES: ADAM SOULE, WOODS HOLE OCEANOGRAPHIC INSTITUTION;ERIK KLEMETTI, DENISON UNIVERSITY; JANINE KRIPPNER, SMITHSONIANINSTITUTION’S GLOBAL VOLCANISM PROGRAM; W.P. SCHELLART, VRIJEUNIVERSITEIT AMSTERDAM; GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA;UN OFFICE FOR DISASTER RISK REDUCTION; USGS

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JUN. 2020

隨海冰消失的企鵝

如果持續暖化皇帝企鵝將走向滅絕

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