Armenians sing songs about western Armenia (Turkey) next to a giant cross facing Turkey right at the Armenian/Turkey border in a forest of apricot trees in Bagaran, Armenia, . Armenians migrated from Bagaran (Bakran), Turkey, for the first time in the spring of 1918 towards different locations in Armenia. They went back to Bagaran several months later, in summer 1918. In the end of November 1920 they migrated for the second time and moved to Ashtarak, Armenia. They then moved once again in 1921 and founded Mirzakhan village in a location close to Bagaran, with the hope to go back. In 1951 the Soviet government moved Azeris from the neighboring Bakhchalar village to Azerbaijan. They brought the people living in Mirzakhan to Bakhchalar, because there was not enough land and little space, also landslides. The name of this village was changed to Bagaran in 1968, upon the request of the villagers.
夜晚時分,亞美尼亞邊城巴加蘭的村民在杏樹下野餐,高歌關於回憶、文化的堅忍與生存的歌曲,一旁還有一座不無挑釁意味的巨大十字架,朝土耳其的方向閃耀光芒。亞美尼亞與土耳其之間可追溯到四個世代前的激烈爭端,已造成這個區域的經濟、外交和政治發展停滯不前。介於土耳其東部高地和高加索之間的古老十字路口,仍為百年前的幽魂緊緊纏繞。Photograph by John Stanmeyer
The march with torches through Yerevan as people pay respect to the 1.5 million who died between 1915-1923 at the Armenian Genocide Memorial in Yerevan, Armenia, on the day marking the100th anniversary of Armenian Genocide.
2015年4月24日是亞美尼亞大屠殺起始日的100週年,許多歷史學者都稱那場悲劇為現代首見的種族屠殺事件。前來參與的群眾加入了在亞美尼亞首都葉里溫所舉行的火炬遊行,以紀念亡者。每年一度的紀念活動既是肅穆的追悼,也是以民族主義作為號召的集會,哀悼可能同時會染上鮮明的政治色彩,比如部分參與民眾有時還會焚燒土耳其國旗。Photograph by John Stanmeyer
Wedding celebration of Adem Yılmaz Turkish, 25, snd his wife, Seher Demirel, 18 Ages, at the grooms home in Karahan village, Kars, Turkey. Adem is an Azeri while Seher is Kurdish, a rare marriage of often conflicting ethnic groups. Karahan village was once solely populated by Armenians. When the genocide began in 1915, all Armenians left their homes and everything behind. Today, Karahan is populated by Azeri's and Kurks, living in the exact same homes that once were owned by Armenians.
在充斥著歷史衝突的土地上,一個充滿希望的結合:25歲的亞當․雅馬茲和他的妻子,18歲的莎赫許․德米瑞,在土耳其卡斯附近的村莊舉辦的婚禮上休息吃午餐。雅馬茲是亞塞拜然人,德米瑞是庫德人,他們的婚姻在經常相互猜忌的民族之間,實屬罕見。他們村莊裡的許多老房子,曾經都是亞美尼亞人的。Photograph by John Stanmeyer
Remains of the Armenian church in located in the ancient Armenian kingdom known as Bagaran, not called Kilittasi in eastern Turkey, bordering Armenia. 100 years ago, Kilittasi was known as Bagaran, populated by ethnic Armenians. Today there is a mosque on the Kilittasi side with Shushan Church resting in ruins across the Arpacay River that, the divide between the two nations. For centuries Bagaran was a village populated by Armenians. At the beginning of the genocide in 1915, Armenians fled Bagaran by crossing the river for safety into Armenia. Those who left ended up resettling in Armenia proper, creating a new village they now call Bagaran where every resident is a decendent of Bagaran in Turkey. Today, Kilittasi is populated by Kurds, living in the former Armenian homes.
山頂上的亞美尼亞教堂廢墟,坐落在土耳其遙遠東部的古亞美尼亞村落遺址上,這裡如今已是庫德族人的家園。雖然他們的祖先在一個世紀以前曾參與亞美尼亞人集體屠殺與驅逐事件,而今許多庫德人仍渴望和解。Photograph by John Stanmeyer